Temperatures have warmed and will continue to warm with more very hot days in the future.
Rainfall shows no clear trend since 1927. Projections of annual rainfall are unclear, with models indicating little change. Wet and dry years will still occur as a result of natural variability. Extreme rainfall events are projected to become more frequent and more intense. Drought frequency is projected to decrease by the end of the century.
Ocean acidification has been increasing in Tuvalu’s waters. It will continue to increase and threaten coral reef ecosystems.
Sea level near Tuvalu has risen and will continue to rise throughout this century.
December to March wave heights and periods are projected to decrease slightly
Geographic coordinates: Lat.50 – 110 S, Long.1760 -1800 E